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Hyperemesis Gravidarum :[Symptoms – Causes – Treatments]

Duchess of Cambridge, Kate Middleton is pregnant again and suffering from Hyperemesis Gravidarum? Learn what is it?

Kate Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge is pregnant with her third child, Kensington Palace said Monday. However, like her two previous pregnancies, she is again suffering from Hyperemesis Gravidarum. This term refers to severe morning sickness, and this has sent Kate to the hospital in her first two pregnancies .(also read what is pregnancy brain?)

What is Hyperemesis Gravidarum?

Can Hyperemesis Gravidarum cause liver problems?

What are the known causes of Hyperemesis Gravidarum?

Why Hyperemesis Gravidarumis dangerous?

Hyperemesis Gravidarumis a condition refers to severe nausea, vomiting and electrolyte disturbance in the body and weight loss. Mild cases are treated with dietary changes, use of antacids and bed rest. However, in case of severity, the mother id admitted to the hospital to receive nutrition and fluid through Intravenous Line IV.

What causes this?

Why is it happening to me?

Most women (70-80%) suffer from morning sickness at some point during their pregnancy. However, a recent study shows that more than 60,000 cases are registered with extreme morning sickness complaints and are registered as Hyperemesis Gravidarum.

It is believed that severe morning sickness is caused by hormonal changes that happen in the body, however, its exact cause is still unknown. The symptoms of HG usually appears during 4-6 weeks and rise during the 9-13 week. Some women receive relief in the second trimester, however, more than 20% women need treatment for hyperemesis throughout their pregnancy.

What are the causes and symptoms of Hyperemesis?

  •    Severe nausea and vomiting
  •    Weight loss of more than 5% from pre-pregnancy weight
  •    Dehydration, headaches and severe food aversions
  •    Fainting, confusions, low blood pressure
  •    Anxiety/depression/loss of skin elasticity

What are the treatments for Hyperemesis?

Every pregnancy is different, so does its symptoms and same applies to Hyperemesis. Different treatments are used to treat this illness in pregnant women depending on the disease severity.

Mild cases:

Mild cases of Hyperemesis is treated with bed rest, dietary changes, hypnosis, and herbs.

Severe cases:

Severe cases are treated with Intravenous fluids and medications.

Intravenous Fluids:

In some cases, the patient is hospitalized and monitored to provide fluid and nutrition through IV. Intravenous fluids are used to restore nutrition and electrolyte.

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy:

A surgical process that installs a tube passing through the abdomen and into the stomach. The procedure is used to store nutrients.

Nasogastric:

Restores nutrients through the tube passing through the nose and into the stomach.

Medication:

Doctors try to control mild cases using medications, such as antireflux, antihistamine, metoclopramide.

In case of bed rest, make sure you do not lose too many muscles due to prolonged bed rest.

For Complete Pregnancy guide click here

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